Slavery in the United States
John Brown’s Last Speech

         On October, 16, 1859, John Brown and nearly two dozen comrades seized the armory at Harper’s Ferry in West Virginia, hoping to use its massive arsenal in the struggle to forcibly end slavery. Captured and brought to trial at nearby Charles Town, Brown was found guilty of treason. … Continue reading

Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou’s Humbling Sense of Humor

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Maya Angelou story recalled by Frederick Buechner talks about the time when he was at a religious occasion at Trinity Church on Wall Street in New York City when the author told him how the extravagant religious procession made her want to laugh into a barrel. Angelou passed away on May 28, 2014.

Benjamin Franklin
[Text] Benjamin Franklin on the Evils of Slavery


“Slavery is such an atrocious debasement of human nature, that its very extirpation, if not performed with solicitous care, may sometimes open a source of serious evils…”   “Accustomed to move like a mere machine, by the will of a master, reflection is suspended; he has not the power of … Continue reading

Slavery in the United States
[Text] James Hick’s Reclaiming Land From the Freedmen’s Bureau in 1865


“Duplicate No. 22 United States of America, United States District Court, District of Virginia, Clerk’s Office Norfolk, Va., s.s. I, James Hicks, of the county of Elizabeth City, State of Virginia, do solemnly swear or affirm in presence of Almighty God, that I will henceforth faithfully support, protect, and defend … Continue reading

Slavery in the United States
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Archived Letter to the Women of the Republic


Monday January 25, 1864 By Elizabeth Cady Stanton Office of the Women’s Loyal National League, Room No. 20, Cooper Institute. New York, January 25, 1864. The Women’s Loyal National League, TO THE WOMEN OF THE REPUBLIC: We ask you to sign and circulate this petition for the entire abolition of … Continue reading