Benjamin Franklin
[Text] Benjamin Franklin on the Evils of Slavery


“Slavery is such an atrocious debasement of human nature, that its very extirpation, if not performed with solicitous care, may sometimes open a source of serious evils…”   “Accustomed to move like a mere machine, by the will of a master, reflection is suspended; he has not the power of … Continue reading

Dwight D. Eisenhower
[Text] Eisenhower Thanks Jonas Salk for the Polio Vaccine

Yousuf Karsh

Citation read by the President on April 22, 1955 in the Rose Garden. Because of a signal and historic contribution to human welfare by Dr. Jonas E. Salk in his development of a vaccine to prevent paralytic poliomyelitis, I, Dwight D. Eisenhower, President of the United States, on behalf of … Continue reading

American Civil War
[Text] General Robert E. Lee’s Farewell Address


Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, 10th April 1865. General Order No. 9 After four years of arduous service marked by unsurpassed courage and fortitude, the Army of Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers and resources. I need not tell the survivors of so many hard fought … Continue reading