American Civil Rights Movement
Survivors Recall The Orangeburg Massacre

Survivors Recall The Orangeburg Massacre

The Orangeburg massacre took place on February 8, 1968, when a group of about 150 protestors from South Carolina State University had gathered to protest racial segregation at the local bowling alley. South Carolina Highway Patrol Officers responded to the scene and opened fire on protestors, killing three and wounding … Continue reading

American Civil Rights Movement
Carl B. Stokes Becomes First African American Mayor

Carl B. Stokes Becomes First African American Mayor

On November 7, 1967, Democrat Carl B. Stokes was elected Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. Stokes was the first African American to be elected mayor of a major U.S. city. In this video, Stokes speaks to his supporters following his victory, saying: “I can find no more fitting way to end … Continue reading

American Civil Rights Movement
James Meredith on 50 Years of Civil Rights Activism

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“I’ve always been at war with a system, not people”. On October 1, 1962, James Meredith became the first African-American student admitted to the University of Mississippi. Meredith’s enrollment sparked protests and riots at the University’s campus, causing President Kennedy to call in troops from the U.S. Marshals, U.S. Army … Continue reading

American Civil Rights Movement
WERD AM – The First Black-Owned Radio Station

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WERD AM in Atlanta, Georgia, began operating on October 3, 1949, becoming the first black-owned radio station in the United States. The radio station was in the same building as the headquarters of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, whose leader was Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Dr. King was a … Continue reading

American Civil Rights Movement
Lee Pfund on Jackie Robinson’s Legacy

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Lee Pfund, a pitcher on the Dodgers when Jackie Robinson joined the team, discusses Robinson’s legacy and sacrifice by joining the Dodgers. Pfund was one of Robinson’s few friends on the team, and often talked about their faith and family on long bus rides to play games. Jackie Robinson was … Continue reading