Warsaw Ghetto
Polish Underground Fighters on Rising Up Against the Nazis

Members of the Polish Resistance discuss their memories of the Warsaw Uprising on August 2, 1944, during World War II when Polish citizens took up arms in order to liberate Warsaw from the Nazis. The resistance expected the Soviet Union’s Red Army to intervene and aid in the fight but the Soviets did not approach the city. With little outside support, the Polish Resistance surrendered on October 2, 1944–with approximately 16,000 of its members dead. During the uprising, about 150,000 to 200,000 Polish civilians died mainly via mass executions by German troops. The Germans lost around 8,000 soldiers. One Polish Resistance member, Christine Jaroszewicz, who was an underground courier during the rebellion, describes the zealous attitudes of those in the resistance after years of being oppressed under Nazi rule: “The passion with which we participated…probably  difficult to understand to people who never lost freedom. And we had this terrific faith that we were going to be free.” The second part of this documentary can be found here.

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Submitted by: Virginia Choi
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