Warsaw Ghetto
Polish Underground Fighters & the Jewish Unit of the Uprising

Members of the Polish Resistance discuss their memories of the Warsaw Uprising on August 2, 1944, during World War II when Polish citizens took up arms in order to liberate Warsaw from the Nazis. One underground fighter, Waclaw Micuta, who lead the liberation of the concentration camp in the Warsaw Jewish ghetto, recalls the liberation: “My God, it was very emotional…there was an old Jew who …put on his knees and cried and he thanked us.” The Polish Resistance expected the Soviet Union’s Red Army and the Allies to intervene and aid in the fight–this help did not come. Christine Jaroszewicz, who was an underground courier during the rebellion and resistance member says, “And we believed so much in the West…” With little outside support, the Polish Resistance surrendered on October 2, 1944–with approximately 16,000 of its members dead. During the uprising, about 150,000 to 200,000 Polish civilians died mainly via mass executions by German troops. The Germans lost around 8,000 soldiers.

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Submitted by: Virginia Choi
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