Vietnam War
James Fleming Recounts Heroic Patrol

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James Fleming was an Air Force pilot during the Vietnam War, and received the Medal of Honor for rescuing six of his fellow soldiers when they were stranded amongst enemy soldiers. In this video, Fleming recalls November 26, 1968, the day that earned him his Medal of Honor, saying: “These … Continue reading

Vietnam War
Hugh Thompson Jr. On Witnessing The My Lai Massacre


The My Lai Massacre took place on March 16, 1968, when members of the U.S. Army killed between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in the South Vietnam hamlets of My Lai and My Khe. Hugh Thompson Jr. was a helicopter pilot for the U.S. Army during the Vietnam War. On … Continue reading

Richard Nixon
Asking President Nixon to Resign


Edward Brooke, former Massachusetts senator during Richard Nixon’s administration, discusses how he became the first republican to openly ask President Nixon to resign on November 4, 1973, shortly after the Watergate Scandal. According to Brooke, Nixon had lost the confidence of the American people, and because of that he should … Continue reading

American Civil Rights Movement
Carl B. Stokes Becomes First African American Mayor

Carl B. Stokes Becomes First African American Mayor

On November 7, 1967, Democrat Carl B. Stokes was elected Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. Stokes was the first African American to be elected mayor of a major U.S. city. In this video, Stokes speaks to his supporters following his victory, saying: “I can find no more fitting way to end … Continue reading

Jane Goodall
Dr. Jane Goodall Observes Chimpanzees Using Tools


On November 4, 1960, Dr. Jane Goodall became the first person to observe chimpanzees creating tools. This was the first-ever observation of tool creation in non-human animals. Dr. Goodall is considered to be the world’s foremost expert on chimpanzees, having studied them in Tanzania for over 45 years. In this … Continue reading

Nikita Khrushchev
Khrushchev’s Son On The Cuban Missile Crisis

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The Cuban Missile Crisis ended on October 28, 1962, when Soviet Prime Minister Nikita Khrushchev ordered the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba. In this video, Khrushchev’s son Sergei gives the Soviet perspective of the missile crisis. Of the Soviet Union’s involvement, he says: “Each great power have their obligation … Continue reading